5 Basic Steps of IPO Process

IPO process

An IPO (Initial Public Offering) refers to a procedure in which a business or organization provides a common stock or offer to the general public. It is a privately held company’s primary stock offering to the general public. They are often provided by small and medium-sized businesses looking for assets to expand and enhance their operations. Value band references the range of options available to financial experts. The value band’s gap between its floor and cap shouldn’t be more than 20%; for instance, the cap shouldn’t cost more than twice as much as the floor price. The business and its investor traders decide on this.

Procedures for a Company to IPO (go public):

Step 1 is to choose a leading investment bank for the underwriting procedure.

The first step of an IPO process is designating a speculative broker as an underwriter. Even if it is conceivable that a company may sell its offerings on its own, an investment bank is a crucial need. The underwriters make up the brokerage cycle between the organization and the general public. As a result, the banks can sell a portion of the IPO, increasing the risk.

It’s possible to think of underwriting as the process of endorsing. The sub-processes involved in the intricate underwriting process make up a significant amount of the activities that are fundamental stages toward acting as an intermediary between the company’s initial public offering (IPO) shares and the general public. The organization’s shares are given and purchased in this cycle at the first stock sale. Venture banks provide recommendations and suggestions to the organization throughout this cycle in exchange for a fee. The investment banker is aware of the organization’s financial situation and offers tips on how to suit its needs.

Step 2 Due diligence and regulatory filings.

Through this agreement, it is stated that the underwriter will accept all bids from the responsible company. The company and the underwriters submit the SEBI with their financial information and preliminary organizational preparations throughout this cycle. This cycle involves a tonne of paperwork. One such document is the letter of commitment, a standard means of paying the underwriter’s fee and other costs. The underwriter receives a nominal price as they acquire the whole set of bids. At that point, the endeavor’s knowledge implies the justification that the underwriter will promise to sell as much of the securities offering as conceivable.

Step 3: Pricing

The financial experts choose the initial public offering’s final price. Displaying the IPO is the speculative bank. They are approximated at a rebate to entice the general public to the IPO application procedure. The proposal does well when registered on stock trading when offers are made at a rebate. A fixed cost with a cost indicated in the requested archive may be used for the price of the shares via the IPO procedure. On the other hand, a book-building issue will have a value band within the offers that the speculator may make.

Step 4. Stabilization

Venture banks take action to establish the price of the securities. When there are not enough buyers, the bank will purchase the offers. In resolving the offer cost, the venture bank’s role is fundamental. However, one must remember that such purchases would only be made for a short period, given that the IPO cycle has already consumed a significant portion of the cash invested.

Step 5: Moving on to the market’s competitors

The settling-in phase, which is the time when a corporation is transitioning, happens after the official formalities are finished. In this stage, the newly listed firm enters the market as a legitimately listed commercial entity. The company is required to make significant exposures, such as financial results, important news, and so forth, that have the potential to affect the price of offers after its transition period to the ordinary severe environment is complete.


To avoid making any poor choices or forfeiting your acquired advantages, it is always beneficial to get the most proper guidance when investing in initial public offerings. The assistance of Sharekhan will be helpful in this situation, and Sharekhan aligns its advice with the industry’s highest standards.